Located on the Mediterranean coast, Alanya is a lovely example of a winning combination of new touristic center and ancient site excavations. First appearing in the 2nd century BC as a pirate lair, it fell into Roman hands and then Byzantine rule after 395. There are various citadels, palaces and cisterns to explore within the older, center city of Antalya in addition to the nearby, and fascinating, site of Side. Close to the seashore is a cave called Damlatas and known locally for the humid air inside - said to be a curative for those suffering from ashmatic problems. Alanya's Archaeological Museum contains numerous interesting works and is well worth a visit.