With its mountain backdrop and painted wood houses, Norway's second-largest city is one of the country's most appealing places. In the 14th century, the port of Bergen was a Hanseatic trading center and for a time, the country's capital. The buildings on Bryggen, as the Hanseatic Wharf is called, are collectively a UNESCO designated World Heritage Site. The harbor-side market, the lovely parks and the shopping district are all best suited to explore on foot. Take a ride on a funicular up to the 1,050-foot-high Floeien lookout, or head to 13th-century Bergenhus Fortress and 16th-century Rosenkrantz Tower to feel transported back in time.