Fair Isle, Shetland Islands, Scotland, UK

Fair Isle at the southernmost end of the Shetlands is the most remote inhabited island in Britain. Like the rest of the archipelago, it was once governed by Norway. Today it belongs to the National Trust, and about 55 people live on the island, mostly in crofts on the southern half. The northern half is rocky moorland. The island’s west coast consists mainly of cliffs up to 200 m/660 ft. high. The island’s unique style of knitted wool sweaters is world-renowned, and knitting is an important source of income for the island’s women. Its position along the annual migration routes of birds also makes it one of the best places in the world to see rare birds, with over British 27 first sightings of species, as well as its own endemic species of wren.  A bird observatory was started here in 1945, and it remains a major attraction for tourism.