L Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, Canada

A husband and wife team of Norwegian archaeologists discovered the remains of a Viking settlement on this peninsula at the northern tip of Newfoundland in 1960. They were guided by a local fisherman, George Decker, to a group of mounds he thought were the remains of an old Indian camp. After excavation, the team was able to establish that the site was the first confirmed Viking settlement discovered in the New World, dating from approximately 1000 CE and believed to fulfill the description of Vinland cited in the ancient Greenland sagas. The site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978, and is a National Historic Site of Canada. Nearby, Parks Canada has built Norstead, a faithful reproduction of such a Viking settlement, where visitors can visualize the daily life of settlers, and participate in activities such as axe-throwing, weaving and blacksmithing, as well as going aboard Snorri, an authentic replica of an early Viking ship that retraced the original sea route from Europe to Newfoundland.