Kupang is the largest city and port on Timor in the Lesser Sunda Islands, with history of both Portuguese and Dutch colonial periods. The harbor itself will prove interesting, with a variety of ships of all shapes and sizes and from every corner. The city was heavily bombed by the Allies during the Japanese occupation in WWII, but some ruins and remnants of colonial eras can be found. The central market is interesting, and many visitors enjoy beaches such as Tablolong or Tedis. Locals like to swim in the striking blue pool of the Crystal Cave or the triple pools of the Air Terjun Oenesu waterfalls. The Museum of Nusa Tenggara Timur displays natural and cultural history, including the complex traditional ikat fabric weaving, which is a prized souvenir for visitors.